Monday April 20th 2015
Today: Mainly sunny. High 19. UV index 5 or moderate.
The wind expected in Environment Canada's predictions yesterday is not mentioned in the forecast today. WindAlert (right) shows light winds starting up around noon. We'll see.
I still have deskwork to do, but am itching to get outside. It's minus eight Celsius now at 0731, but a high of nineteen -- room temperature -- is expected, so I'll try to get out.
The next few days and nights are expected to be warmer than usual, so this is a good day to make changes like reversing a few strong hives and other otherwise risky manipulations, if indicated.
I went out and worked through the remaining hives in the Quonset Yard. These are not my best and I eliminated two more drone layers by combining them with good hives that needed more bees.
I also did a bit of reversing and moved things around a bit. At the end, I was a bit careless and the last hive I moved was a strong one that had been gathering lost bees. When I moved it, the bees were already agitated from the disruption and as soon as the hive was in place I decided to leave, go into the house, and remove a few stingers.
I made a bean stew, had a cup of coffee and lay down for a nap, I had a great half-hour nap and awoke ready to get back at it. Lately, I am appreciating my sleep a lot more.
By then, the temperature had topped 20 degrees and the wind peaked around ten MPH, which makes for very comfortable beekeeping.
Okay, I am going out now. I see the bees are robbing empty brood boxes on the truck.
(BTW, doesn't this page look great!!??)
I went back out and moved the rest of the hives onto pallets. Again, I goofed with the last hive in this bunch. This time I dropped two boxes and had to leave a while until they calmed down.
They were very very displeased.
There is absolutely no inevitability
as long as there is
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Tuesday April 21st 2015
We are now one month into spring and my hives are well into building up.
It is 0300 and I am awake for the third time tonight. Usually, I sleep through, but for some reason, I woke up repeatedly tonight. I'll try sleeping again shortly.
The next few days are promising to be warm, but snow and near-freezing temperatures are predicted for Saturday.
Fortunately, no strong winds (above) are predicted to coincide with the coolest coming weather. Nonetheless, I'll have to reduce the entrances.
My work yesterday was somewhat drastic, with reversing triples and moving hives around. I decided that with the new floors, grocery pallets make the best stands, rather than using rows on slats.
For one thing, I can move pallets with the forklift, if I ever get it going again. That allows me to rotate or switch pallets and padgen hives easily with the forklift.
For another, when splitting, if I need to set splits down for side-by-side splits, there is room beside pallets, but not necessarily enough extra room in rows.
I slept until 0830 and plan to get outside again today. At 1030, it is already 14 degrees C and the wind is at ten MPH.
The temperature dropped to plus four for a few hours last night, but it appears I picked a good day to do the reversing. The colonies have lots of time to recover before the coming cold snap.
I still have paperwork to do, but that can wait until later today. I managed to get quite a bit of that done last evening.
Usually, by evening, I am tired and un-ambitious, with little inclination to do anything except watch Netflix, but the longer days and outdoor work have increased my energy level, it seems.
We have ten weeks now until the main flow in July.
I went out and transferred hives to floors on pallets in the South of the Hedge Yard. The first four are variable in size.
By 1230 it got hot enough outside that I decided to go in for a while. It is only seventeen degrees, but in the sun, with no shade, that feels hot at this time of year.
Solar noon here is at 1335 today, so it will get hotter before it gets cooler. Siesta time.
I did not hear back from Dawn, so I imagine the keys were there all along.
I called her. They were.
These are my bee working shoes. They keep my feet cool. The job is too hard on my Birkenstocks.
I finished all twelve hives in the South of the Hedge group. They were variable, from several frames of bees, up to hives occupying all four boxes. Getting them into four packs is going to make them much easier to work when the time comes.
I'm trying to figure out a schedule. I have plenty of work here to keep me busy all day every day for months, but I am wanting to get back west and down east. I have jobs that must be done, and many that don't.
After supper, I went out and mowed some grass. I also put on entrance reducers and plugged some auger holes. That hardly seemed necessary judging by the activity I saw in almost every auger hole. It is probably a good idea, though, since the bees are stimulated and the clusters will contact when they calm down for the night.
I was out until almost 2100 in the yard tonight and that is a switch from my somewhat sedentary mode over winter. I took a good shower and flushed my nose in hopes of avoiding allergies during the night.
Life is a succession of lessons
which must be lived to be understood.
Wednesday April 22nd 2015
I woke up at 0405. That is almost exactly six hours after I went to bed last night. It seems my autopilot is set on six hours. I'd have liked to sleep in a bit.
I see that the weather forecast has improved considerably and the cold day Saturday is now expected to be less so by six degrees Celsius and that is a relief, but the night is expected to be four degrees colder than the previous guess.
Last night, I did not sleep as well as some nights and wonder if the bee work is affecting my sleep.
Lawn mowing is another obvious suspect. I know that mowing turns up all sort of moulds and dusts at the best of times around here where it is dry most of the time, and at this time of year dry and dusty dead grass and leaves are in with the new growth.
The normals for this date (left) are one thing, and we could plan on them, but the long term climate history (dotted line at right) indicates that the extreme lowest recorded temperature for the current date is currently minus fifteen C.
Although that number is rising daily, and quite rapidly at this time of year, I have to keep in mind that a hard freeze is a known possibility, although quite unlikely, when managing my hives. Not doing so is like play Russian Roulette.
After breakfast and coffee, I went back to bed for an hour. I dozed off and on, skimming the surface of consciousness for an hour and a quarter. I'm still weary.
Enough fiddling with words and ideas! ... It is time to do something real and physical. Let's go outside, Zippy.
I'm doing yard jobs today. Fuelling the mower, Fueling the yard truck...
I'll have to go to town today, too. I'm running out of a few things and Meijers are coming over for supper.
Today, I began cleaning the swimming pool. The water has a lot of algae and it'll take a while to settle and filter it. I had to clean the filter about six times and added algaecide and chlorine.
I went to Three Hills mid-afternoon, and was shocked at the prices in the IGA. I have been buying groceries in the Caribbean and thought the prices were high there, but on returning home to Alberta, found the prices in Airdrie and Drumheller more like what I expect. Prices at Three Hills IGA, however are over the top. I crossed the street to buy a bottle of wine for supper and found that I paid $13 for the same bottle I bought in Airdrie the other day for about $9.
Meijers came over for supper and the topic of Acorn frames came up. They have ordered a truckload. I asked if they ordered single or double-waxed.
Most people don't know that double wax is an option. It costs about 20 cents extra per frame, but that is roughly the cost of the extra wax, and of course that can be recovered eventually when scraping the combs off the frame.
I dug out the picture from last summer showing how much comb the bees can draw out -- without having to make wax -- on foundation areas with various thicknesses of wax applied by the beekeeper or factory.
The shot at right is of a frame that was accidentally over-waxed on one section and the area where extra wax was applied is drawn out much further.
I also showed how I protect my phone in the beeyards using zip-loc snack bags. The bag allows full use of the phone, but protects from wax and honey -- and accidental drops into a syrup barrel.
I had thought he picture would be better than this one is since the bag is transparent. Maybe it is the light. Anyhow, if and where it matters, the phone can be liberated temporarily from its protective bag, then zipped back in after. However, to check texts and to talk, the bag stays on.
The best way to predict the future
is to invent it.
Thursday April 23rd 2015
I had a good night's sleep and woke up at 0655. The day is sunny and I see we had a freeze again last night. The predictions for Saturday and Saturday night keep changing. Now the day is predicted at plus eight and the night minus five.
Expected winds for the next few days (right) don't look too bad, but I am putting on entrance reducers anyhow. At this time of year, conserving heat helps the colonies maintain and expand their brood nest. Each small increment in brood area pays off in large differences several generations in the future.
I really must get the papers together an off to the accountant today. I have things to do in town again an anyhow as I forgot my gas card yesterday and the bank had closed five minutes before I got there.
I spent the day shuffling paper and am headed to the accountant's office, then on to Oram's' for supper.
I dropped off papers at the accountant, then drove to Orams', arriving in time for supper and went for a walk to the beach. Chris arrived shortly after and we had birthday cake. I was extremely tired and a bit hoarse. I'd had a slight headache occasionally during the day, so I went to bed early, at 2030.
It is obvious that we can no more
explain a passion to a person who has never experienced it than we can
explain light to the blind.
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Friday April 24th 2015
I slept right through to 0600, rolled over and slept another half-hour, then joined the others for breakfast, visited with Jean for a while and headed home.
On the way up, I had called a dealer about a van that was sitting on their consignment lot in Linden, ten miles from home. I had made a phone offer earlier after driving by and walking around it, but been refused and I thought I'd stop and take a closer look if they still had it. They did, I I swung by on the way home.
The van is a 2009 Chrysler Limited Town and Country. That is the model with every imaginable option. I like machines like that.
I'd have preferred a 2011 or newer as they improved the chassis and the ride in 2011, but the newer ones are pricey and I hate to spend money on rolling stock. Most people spend heavily on vehicles. I don't. The reason I can afford a yacht is that I drive beaters and do my own service when it pays to do so.
I stopped in, took it for a drive, made a slightly higher take-it-or-leave-it offer and waited a few minutes while he phoned the owner. The owner was going to counter-offer, the dealer said, but he advised the owner to take my offer before it expired in five minutes.
My offer was accepted. I drove to Three Hills, got a bank draft, drove back, loaded everything out of my red van -- dog, skis, kites, boots, etc. -- into the new one, left the red van at a shop to be safety-checked for sale and drove home.
I see that tomorrow's weather is looking better all the time, with a low now of plus nine and a night dropping to right around freezing. Bonus!
I'll be reducing entrances anyhow.
Right now, though I am going out to screw on entrance reducers.
I did. I had put them on a few times already, but I don't know if a reverse draft blows them off, if a skunk comes along, or maybe a mouse, or if a gang of bees give them the old heave-ho, but I find some of them on the ground again and again.
I came in, had supper and watched Veronica Mars on Netflix. I then began on season one, episode one of Grey's Anatomy but the Internet faded.
It is raining here tonight and the rain is welcome. Maybe the rain killed the internet. We are 11 miles from the tower.
I saw a dandelion today!
Be the chief but never the lord.
Saturday April 25th 2015
I woke up after midnight and decided to sit up a while, so I wrote in the forum.On my first save, the browser failed to save the message. I re-wrote the message and posted it.
Immediately after, the Lenovo presented me with the BSOD That is the second time recently for this fairly new machine.
I later decided to delete another post I had made last evening because I said it all before here and in my Myths presentation and was not satisfied that I expressed myself clearly there. In a nutshell, I'm frustrated with the amount of bee-related misinformation out there and the difficulty overcoming it without stepping on everyone's toes. The topic was/is I Don't Care Anymore, but obviously, I do. Oh well.
I woke up again at 0400, got up and had breakfast. I checked the conditions at Nakiska and see that the prediction is iffy.
The Nakiska base is at 1500 metres altitude, so any rain should fall as snow above the base of the Silver Chair. That is the theory. You know what I think about weather guessers. They are fairly good at predicting the present and I figure that guessing the next twelve hours or so with acceptable accuracy might be within their powers. Worst case, Nakiska has a pleasant lodge and it is a nice drive.
The current day's forecast for my home locale concerns me though:
I don't like fog if I am driving.
Anyhow, my plan is to go to the Rockies, but have a few more hours of rack time first. I don't need to leave until mid-morning to get there in time for plenty of skiing.
I have now sold the expected increase I'll make this year and any further sales will reduce my hive numbers -- I hope.
I smartened up this year and decided to take $100 deposit for each hive. That way I know for sure what the market is and can plan. Otherwise, people change their minds. People email the money and that works well. No need to find a cheque, an envelope and a stamp, then mail it. A few clicks and the job is done.
Hmmmm. Last night's rain equals muddy roads, and I have a new white van. I'll have to either drive slowly or stick to the pavement.
I was there by a little after noon and skied two runs on the Silver and three on the Gold, then left for home at about 1415. The snow was icy at the top and heavy at the bottom.
The webcam page (above right) now shows only the best snow and not the base or the bare spots. Earlier in the year the webcam page showed a panel with the base area, too, but I guess they decided to conceal the truth. IMO, that is a bad plan because when people get there, they are disappointed. If the base is shown, people know what to expect. At this time of year we know that snow is scarce at the bottom of mountains, but ample up top.
Seeing a picture like the one at left would not have stopped me from going, but it would have caused me to respect the management, rather than wondering about their honesty. It might have let others make an intelligent decision, though. A family with two toddlers parked next to me had driven up expecting the bunny hill to be available and it was not. They had no warning.
The entire areas in the pictures above are normally under a cover of snow, but there were plenty of slopes with good coverage. However, there were no easy slopes anywhere that were skiable, so beginners would have been disappointed.
On my last run, I was a bit tired and the ski-out was narrow and rutted. Only 200 yards from where I expected to take off my skis and walk to the van, I managed to catch an edge and fall into the mud alongside the trail.
As for this van, it is a huge improvement over the red van and seems reasonably easy on gas -- better than the red one, so far at least. It is a quiet ride, and the dash display with navigation and backup camera is great. The Bluetooth works well and I was able to have long phone conversations as I drove.
On this trip, mostly highway, with some mountain driving, the trip computer reports 9.8 litres per 100 km. That is about 29 MPG (Imperial) or 24 MPG US.
On arriving home, I found that I was a bit chilled, so I had a hot shower, and took it easy for the rest of the day.
Instant gratification takes too
Sunday April 26th 2015
This looks like a nice day for working outdoors. I have lawn to mow, buildings to repair, junk to pick up, and hives that need patties.
The house plants need water today, too, and I need to do some trimming and pot some cuttings. I offered some of my plants to my friends recently and plants have been walking out of here ever since. I'm glad to give plants away. I was getting overgrown with house plants.
I began the day with organizing my bee sales, a bit anyhow. I had email transfers to deposit and I have to organize all the various emails.
I have sold 65 hives now and if I split two thirds of my current 68 hives, that will give me 113 hives. Selling 65 will leave me with 48, and after taking off 20% summer and fall losses, that leaves me with 38 hives. That's a more manageable number.
Of course, that is a very rough calculation and if I only split 2/3, I will be producing at least 3,800 pounds of honey (38 hives X 100 lbs/hive), which would be a huge nuisance, so we'll see Maybe I should split more or sell more.
There are more orders coming, I suspect since I went through my folder and emailed the people who asked early, before I was ready to take orders. People panic in march, thinking that they may miss out, and that is before I know what my winter loss will be. I don't take orders until some time in April.
* * * * *
I had a box of patties left, so went out to the North Yard and put them on. In the process, I discovered some hives with monster populations and others with only a few frames of brood.
I should probably split the monster hives right away. In my years of experience, large hives left un-split tend to dwindle a bit compared to more challenged hives. Small splits struggle and tend to problems like nosema and chilled brood, but large splits prosper.
While the queenless half will be without a laying queen for three weeks, the bees will keep on working and accumulate pent-up resources, both in the bees' bodies and in the hive. When the new queen begins laying, this half will often overtake and surpass the half with the mother queen.
I don't have any queens, but if I plan to raise cells, I should start. Today I saw lots of fresh cups in some of the hives. Maybe if I look, I can find some cells already underway. So far, nothing
Many advise against using cells from swarming hives, but Dave Green says, "Why not? These are obviously your best hives."
I concur. While consistently using cells from swarming hives might slightly increase the swarming genes in a yard, we know that it is very hard to breed any trait into bees and have it stay fixed. To not breed from swarming hives is to deny oneself some of the best genes in the yard.
I could use Charlie Mraz's method and that is to put the queenless split on top and direct the flying bees from the top to the queenright lower part by opening and closing flight holes selectively. That would mean finding the queen however, or making a guess.
Not needing to find queens is one of the attractive points in making walk-away splits. However, if the splits are made in the morning, after smoking only the entrance, queens are usually in the top box.
* * * * *
My mower won't start and I had counted on mowing. Since the mower was filthy, I pressure-washed it, knowing full well that it won't start when wet. The starter spins, but not hard enough to engage the flywheel. I can't figure that out. I'll have to wait.
While waiting, I made a bean stew according to my usual recipe, if you can call throwing things into a pot a recipe.
I like my beans and veggies al dente. Others might want to cook things to a mush.
* * * * *
I went out and cut grass for an hour or more, then sat down and watched three episodes of Veronica Mars.
I had a shower, washed my hair and flushed my sinuses before bed in hopes that the dust from mowing the lawn would not bother my sleep.
BTW, I forgot the garlic in my stew this time. Does not seem to make much difference. It is still great.
Never explain--your friends do not
Monday April 27th 2015
I woke up at 0400 with my sinuses partially blocked. I have not been having that problem much lately, and I think this proves quite conclusively that mowing grass causes me nighttime congestion, and also that merely flushing my nose does not prevent it. I wonder if a dust mask will help.
Today is expected to be +19°C and tonight +4° C. Tomorrow is a +25° C day with a bonus prize of a +9° C night, a +22° C day, a +3° C night and a +17° C day immediately following -- if we can believe the weather guessers. Tuesday is predicted to be windy, but that is the hot day.
These are the days in spring when the queens really show what they can do. This it he time to reverse or split the big hives as seems fitting when they are being examined. It is a good time to make sure the queens have room to lay and are not constricted by too much granulated or capped feed -- or pollen -- next to the brood area or defective brood combs.
It is a good time to inspect brood for disease as well assuming it is not too windy.
Wind is a problem for beekeepers. Wind sucks the heat and moisture out of hives and makes inspections unpleasant. Wind can also dry out brood removed from the hive for inspection.
Today looks like a good day to get outside and work on bees. If I work through hives, I need patties, though, and maybe this is a good excuse to go for a drive.
So far, I have only fed an average of four patties per hive and the patties are being eaten rapidly in most hives. I have been slow in keeping patties on the hives, and many of the best hives ran right out once and I don't want that to happen again. Bees eat Global's patties all spring, and unless the hive is plugged with pollen, it is wise to keep patties near the brood.
Hives that eat their patties quickly can be ignored for now unless I want to reverse or split them, but, of course any hive not consuming patties as fast as the others is a prime candidate for a closer inspection and remedial action.
I also did a little shopping while there. It was a good way to start the day and I was back by noon. I usually don't get out to do much before noon, so I did not lose an yard time.
This new van makes the trip enjoyable, and I priced the cost of the trip by refilling the van -- $21. Not bad. That is, of course, approximate.
It used to cost me $6 to drive to Calgary back in the seventies. Calgary is ten miles south of Airdrie, so basically the cost has not changed!
I went out and spent about two hours reversing hives ahead of the coming warm weather. In that time, I managed to do 13 hives. The progress is a bit slow since I am changing floors and scraping top and bottom bars now while the hives are not overflowing with bees as much as they will be in two weeks.
I would not worry about that much except that I am selling hives and they need to have clean top and bottom bars for easy splitting and management. Ladder comb between boxes encourages the queens to go up and down, and gaps discourage that movement, but these hives will be inspected frame by frame before they go out of the yard and it is easier to do that with clean top and bottom bars. Scraping is easier now than later when I am under time pressure.
Note. I always split onto a newly scraped floor in front of or beside where the hive presently stands. I only lift each box once unless I have to shuffle them.
Note: I am using three brood chambers on most hives. Where I am using two, the same applies, but I am moving a heavy top box down to the bottom and not shuffling three. If the top box is light, there is less reason to reverse, but it still may be useful to address the other issues reversing addresses.
I'm headed back out to finish this group.
As I went out, Marshall, the consignment dealer, texted me to say that the previous owner had (finally) brought in the manuals and owner package. I said I had to finish some work, but might still make it over today.
I finished, and there are now 18 hives in the Quonset West group, reversed, and all on floors on grocery pallets. One of the hives is in wood boxes and survived the winter unwrapped in two boxes. It is of average strength.
I still had time to drive to Linden to get the package, so I did. Driving around is a pleasure in this van, so far, and I am much less inclined to speed. I am happy at the wheel and in no rush to get anywhere.
You can discover what your enemy
Tuesday April 28th 2015
The forecast for the coming week looks quite settled, so we can expect the bees to brood up and boom a month from now.
I have been overestimating my ambition and find that I am averaging half of what I expect each day. Some days are better, some not.
Here is what is on my plate between now and July 1st.
My timeline is vague. I never did have a good sense of time and right now I have given up on trying to fit things into boxes on a calendar. With a mind to deadlines, which I seem to always meet, I have decided just to live each day as it comes.
At any rate, at this point, I'll just keep going in the right direction and do what seems to make sense at the moment.
I just did a spreadsheet on the new van and found that it appears the trip computer lies about fuel economy. It was indicating about 10 litres per 100 km but from my fuel purchases so far for the same stretch of road, it looks more like 15 litres per 100 km. That is a huge difference! This will bear watching. I wonder if the previous owner was using premium fuel? Bill says that makes a difference. It did not on my other vans.
I thought I'd be outside by 0800 today and almost was, but there is always some little thing that holds me up. It is now 0915 and I am going for a walk to see what is up out there.
Well, I got out for a few minutes, but not shortly after, the wind was gusting up to 22 MPH, making outdoor work unpleasant.
This may be a good time to do some housework. I really need to vacuum again and do some wiping and floor mopping here and there. I also have to figure out how to pay three different taxes online.
I could not resist and went out to straighten out the Quonset Yard. I had moved the hives onto pallets and in the process, reversed some of them. After finishing, they looked higgledy-piggledy and also needed to be moved a bit more to allow access to the Quonset when I work on it.
At the time, I could not move them in one move as far as they need to go without totally confusing them. As it was, I took some risks, but no harm seems to have come of it.
Today, I set up level pallets close to each four-pack and moved the hives across box-by-box onto fresh floors, re-reversing them. I added lots of patties, too.
Such work disturbs the bees considerably and they were getting a bit cross, so I came in to give them time to reorient and settle.
On the radio, they are saying we may have beaten a ninety-year-old high temperature record for today's date.
I went out again and finished the yard. All that is left is cleanup.
My yard truck has been running really badly lately and I was thinking I'd have to change spark plugs, but I happened to think of adding some carb cleaner, so i got some Wynn's Gas Treatment on a faint hope. It was not my first choice as there are products better targeted to the job, but that was all the Wal-mart had. I added soem to the fuel, and today, the truck is running much, much better. That truck sits unused a lot and never goes o the road, and maybe the gas is old. Anyhow, it is much better now, all for $3 worth of additive.
I am quite delighted.
Anything free is worth what you pay
Wednesday April 29th 2015
The last two nights have been warm enough that my furnace has been off. That is a good sign that the bees are not struggling to keep warm, and that means that even smaller colonies will be booming soon. Three weeks from warm weather, brood emerges and can double the colony size almost overnight.
The fresh yellow pollen coming in makes a big difference, too..
We are now eight weeks from my target delivery date for the hives I am selling and nine weeks from the normal beginning of the main flow.
I could try making queens or just wait a week or two and let nature handle things. By then, at least a third should be ready to split. It would be nice to have some cells to use, but...
I do have the long-neglected forklift to try to resurrect and the mess in the south yards to deal with, and I could be making up brood chambers. With 60+ splits to make up, I will need some. I could split the triples and doubles into singles, but splits always do better with more room under, especially if they are heavy.
I also have the buildings to deal with, grass to cut, and the garbage trailer to hook up and load....
* * * * *
I've sold a lot of hives and it will be interesting to see how many I have left after supplying my orders. I hope I have not overdone it.
I have been wanting to get out from under all the bee work, though and this is how to do it -- have fewer hives.
Right now, I am looking back over what I did last year on this date. I had just returned from the Easter Flotilla on the West Coast.
Here are some high points:
* * * * *
I have been feeling crappy this past week, with headaches and mind fog. I blame the wine I drank at last week's supper. I didn't think I drank that much, but it really hit me and I still don't feel myself almost a week after. I should try to find that bottle and take a good look at it.
I think I should restrict my drinking to coffee and water. Maybe I will.
I'm cleaning the entry and working through the house.
Halfway through the entry, i was tired, so I lay down and had an excellent afternoon nap.
I did manage to get a few things done this week, however.
Nonetheless, I can see that this week broke my stride and that my plans are a bit vague. If I am going to go for another week on Cassiopeia, I had better go next week. After that, come home and split like crazy, then head east for a while and let the bees recover. Then come back and get ready to sell the bees.
Life is an unbroken succession of
Thursday April 30th 2015
We had rain last night, but not a lot. If we believe the forecast, there is good bee weather expected this week. The winds we have been experiencing recently , however, continue.
I woke up early at 0525, and got a good start on the day, but by 0830 I could not keep my eyes open and went back to bed and fell into a deep sleep. I slept an hour.
Tonight, I have company for supper, but a small group this time, and today I still have to figure out how to pay those taxes online.
There is quite a bit of participation among the regular in the forum these days. However, for some reason, we are not getting a lot of new posters.
That really changes my plans.
We had eight at the table, plus a 18-month old.
The meal was
As often is the case, I cooked too much. I am never sure how big appetites will be and I always hedge in case some dish turns out to be a failure.
Quod gratis asseritur, gratis
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